The IF function is one of the most popular and useful functions in Excel. You use an IF statement to ask Excel to test a condition and to return one value if the condition is met, and another value if the condition is not met. In this tutorial, we are going to learn the syntax and common usages of Excel IF function, and then will have a closer look at formula examples that will hopefully prove helpful both to beginners and experienced Excel users.

As you see, the IF function has 3 arguments, but only the first one is obligatory, the other two are optional. Though the last two parameters of the IF function are optional, your formula may produce unexpected results if you don't know the underlying logic beneath the hood.

Technically, in this case the formula returns an empty string, which is invisible to the user but perceivable to other Excel functions. It's a bit unexpected, isn't it? Here's a formula example:. In this case, the returned values will be aligned left and formatted as General. Instead of returning certain values, you can get your IF formula to test the specified condition, perform a corresponding math operation and return a value based on the result.

Here are just a couple of formula examples:. The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is greater than B1, it multiplies the value in cell C3 by 10, by 5 otherwise.

The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is not equal to B1, the formula returns the sum of values in cells A1:D1, an empty string otherwise. Using the IF function in Excel - formula examples Now that you are familiar with the Excel IF function's syntax, let's look at some formula examples and learn how to use IF as a worksheet function in Excel.

### Match Two Columns in Excel and Return a Third (3 Ways)

The use of the IF function with numeric values is based on using different comparison operators to express your conditions.

You will find the full list of logical operators illustrated with formula examples in the table below. The screenshot below demonstrates the IF formula with the "Greater than or equal to" logical operator in action:. Generally, you write an Excel if statement with text using either "equal to" or "not equal to" operator, as demonstrated in a couple of IF examples that follow.

Like the overwhelming majority of Excel functions, IF is case-insensitive by default. What it means for you is that logical tests for text values do not recognize case in usual IF formulas. Translated into plain English, the formula tells Excel to return "No" if a cell in column C contains the word "Delivered", otherwise return "Yes".

Nor does it matter whether the word "Delivered" is in lowercase or uppercase in the source table, as illustrated in the screenshot below. Naturally, you can also use a cell reference rather than a text value in the 2 nd argument of the EXACT function, if you want to. However, this simple and obvious approach won't work. Many Excel functions accept wildcards, but regrettably IF is not one of them.

For example, if No action is required both for "Delivered" and "Out for delivery" items, the following formula will work a treat:. At first sight, it may seem that IF formulas for dates are identical to IF statements for numeric and text values that we've just discussed. Regrettably, it is not so. Neither of the above arguments is correct, alas. The complete IF formula may take the following shape:. As illustrated in the screenshot below, this IF formula evaluates the dates in column C and returns "Completed" if a game was played before NovThe Excel Match and Choose functions both look up information from an array of data.

The Excel Match function looks up a value in an array, and returns the position of the value within the array.

**Excel Magic Trick 321: Match Text Substrings**

The user can specify that the function should only return a result if an exact match is found, or that the function should return the position of the closest match above or belowif an exact match is not found. If you do actually want to find the? The Match function can be used to match numeric values, logical values, or text strings. Note that, when looking up a text string, the function is NOT case-sensitive. So, for example, the text strings "TEXT" and "text" will both be considered to be a match.

This is illustrated in the examples below. Otherwise, the function returns an error. This may be either:. Excel Functions. For further details on how to identify and resolve this problem, see the Failure to Match Values page.

An optional logical argument, which can set to 1, 0 or -1 to return the following results:. If the function cannot find an exact match, it should return an error.Keep in touch and stay productive with Teams and Officeeven when you're working remotely. These new functions work in any direction and return exact matches by default, making them easier and more convenient to use than their predecessors.

Suppose that you have a list of office location numbers, and you need to know which employees are in each office. The spreadsheet is huge, so you might think it is challenging task. The third argument is the column in that range of cells that contains the value that you seek.

The fourth argument is optional. If you enter TRUE, or leave the argument blank, the function returns an approximate match of the value you specify in the first argument. In other words, leaving the fourth argument blank—or entering TRUE—gives you more flexibility. This example shows you how the function works. When you enter a value in cell B2 the first argumentVLOOKUP searches the cells in the range C2:E7 2nd argument and returns the closest approximate match from the third column in the range, column E 3rd argument.

The fourth argument is empty, so the function returns an approximate match. If it didn't, you'd have to enter one of the values in columns C or D to get a result at all. This means that the column containing the value you look up should always be located to the left of the column containing the return value.

This example shows a small list where the value we want to search on, Chicago, isn't in the leftmost column. It's found in row 4. The formula used is shown in cell A If you want to experiment with lookup functions before you try them out with your own data, here's some sample data. Copy the following data into a blank spreadsheet. Using an approximate match, searches for the value 1 in column A, finds the largest value less than or equal to 1 in column A which is 0.

Using an approximate match, searches for the value 1 in column A, finds the largest value less than or equal to 1 in column A, which is 0. Using an exact match, searches for the value 0. Because there is no exact match in column A, an error is returned.

Using an approximate match, searches for the value 0. Because 0. Using an approximate match, searches for the value 2 in column A, finds the largest value less than or equal to 2 in column A, which is 1. Copy all the cells in this table and paste it into cell A1 on a blank worksheet in Excel. Looks up "Axles" in row 1, and returns the value from row 2 that's in the same column column A.Excel provides many formulas for finding a particular string or text in an array.

Today we are going to learn how to use the Excel Match function. Basically what match function does is, it scans the whole array range in order to find the specified text and thereafter it returns its position.

In simple plain language Match function searches for a value in a defined range and then returns its position. We will cover this with an example later. Match function does not return the matching string, it only returns the relative position of that string. This means that Match searches the whole range for the value but as was not present in the list so it pointed to the relative position of a value slightly less than i. If in the same example the array would have the value with array being sorted in ascending order then the same formula would have resulted into pointing the relative reference of This is because as the value is not present in the array so the Match function points to the relative reference of a value slightly greater than i.

Using wildcards can only prove useful in the case of exact string matches i. Generally two types of wildcard operators can be used within the Match Function. Then it will result into a value 7. So, this was all about Match function in Excel. Do let me know if you have any queries about this wonderful function. Ankit is the founder of Excel Trick.

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Stay Connected With Us! Join 5. Visit the Excel Trick Store.Keep in touch and stay productive with Teams and Officeeven when you're working remotely. Let's say you want to ensure that a column contains text, not numbers.

### How to use INDEX and MATCH

If you have no concern for upper- or lowercase text, there are several ways to check if a cell contains text. You can also use a filter to find text. For more information, see Filter data. Follow these steps to locate cells containing specific text:.

In the Find what box, enter the text—or numbers—that you need to find. Or, choose a recent search from the Find what drop-down box. To specify a format for your search, click Format and make your selections in the Find Format popup window. Click Options to further define your search. For example, you can search for all of the cells that contain the same kind of data, such as formulas. In the Within box, you can select Sheet or Workbook to search a worksheet or an entire workbook.

You can sort the results of a Find All search by clicking a header. Use the IF function to return results for the condition that you specify. Learn more. Expand your Office skills. Get instant Excel help. Was this information helpful? Yes No. Any other feedback? How can we improve? Send No thanks. Thank you for your feedback! It sounds like it might be helpful to connect you to one of our Office support agents. Contact Support.Here I have some formulas to help you lookup partial string match in Excel.

Select a blank cell to enter the partial string that you want to look up. See screenshot:. In the formula, K1 is the cell containing the partial string, E1:H14 is the data range, 4 indicates to lookup value in the Forth column of the range.

You can change them as you need. E2:E14 is the column list you want to lookup from, k1 is the given name, you can change as you need. Log in. Remember Me Forgot your password? Forgot your username? Password Reset. Please enter the email address for your account. A verification code will be sent to you.

Once you have received the verification code, you will be able to choose a new password for your account. Please enter the email address associated with your User account. Your username will be emailed to the email address on file. How to lookup partial string match in Excel? You also can specify the criteria as contains, greater than, less than and so on. Click for 60 days free trial! Kutools for Excel: with more than handy Excel add-ins, free to try with no limitation in 60 days.

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Read More Free Download You are guest Login Now.When implemented in the right way for special projects or in recurring use workbooks, they are able to save a ton of time.

Both of these are quite different from an approximate match or a fuzzy lookup. This post discusses the details of these ideas, and demonstrates how to perform a fuzzy lookup in Excel and later.

The basic idea of an Excel lookup function is to look for a value in a list. That is the basic idea, but the application of lookup functions are numerous and the implementations can become quite sophisticated and powerful. In the first step, the match, Excel must find the matching value. You are asking Excel to find the lookup value in the lookup range. That is, what value the function should return to the cell. So, based on which lookup function you select, and which function argument values you enter, Excel knows what to return once it finds its match.

So far so good? Assuming the customer name was entered in C7, and the customers were stored in a Table named Table1, then the following function would do the trick:. Find a value the match and compute the result the return. Except for case upper and lowerthe two values must match exactly. No leading spaces, no trailing spaces, no extra abbreviations or characters. They must be the same.

This is called an exact match. The thing that tends to mislead Excel users is the description that Microsoft used for these options. In some cases and in some data sets, this idea would work.

The way that the function actually works when TRUE is selected is this: it walks down the list row by row, and ultimately stops on the row that is less than the value and where the next row is greater than the value.

This is why the lookup range must be sorted in ascending order for the function to return an accurate result when the fourth argument is TRUE.

This idea can be confusing when thinking about text strings, but makes more sense when thinking about numbers. For example, when trying to find the correct commission rate based on the sales value. In this case, you want to perform a range lookup. You want to look up a value from within a range.

This is illustrated in the screenshot below. The function walks down row by row trying to determine which row to stop on. It continues down until it finds a row that is greater than the lookup value, and then it stops on the previous row.

It stops on the row that is less than the value, and where the next row is greater than the lookup value. This is pretty easy to understand when thinking about numbers, but can be harder to visualize when thinking about text strings. An approximate match, to us, means that two text strings that are about the same, but not necessarily identical, should match. The idea of a fuzzy lookup is that the values are not a clear match, they are not identical. They likely represent the same underlying entity.

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